In Western societies, mental health is predominately conceptualised and communicated in ways that are informed by biomedical, cognitive-psychological and individualistic frameworks.
Additional explanatory models of mental health may include spiritual and religious understandings, social and systemic frameworks, community understandings , somatic perspectives and physical expressions.
A shared understanding of the illness experience and help-seeking behaviours between the practitioner and consumer may involve both consideration of another spoken language, and an exploration of a potentially unfamiliar belief system to more clearly understand an individual’s explanatory model.
Practitioners who are reflective and seek to be more aware of their own particular interpretations and biases enable the inclusion of concepts from diverse cultural viewpoints, supporting the exploration of more possibilities to understand and negotiate a range of recovery options together.
QUESTIONS TO ELICIT A PERSON'S EXPLANATORY MODEL: